Yes, that's right. So unless you can pay cash for a piece of real estate, expect to have a problem getting a mortgage.
I am examining title today for the purchase of a property that went through foreclosure. I saw FTL on the cover notes and at first glance assumed it was a Federal Tax Lien against the former owner. Too bad, it's not. It's filed against the buyer and there is also a PA state income tax lien. Hope they can pay cash for the house - probably not - because this deal is dead. The income tax liens take priority over the mortgage and so even if the lender chose to grant credit approval, they wouldn't accept third position in title.
Looks like the $272 I've advanced for lien letters and abstract plus our time and effort will not result in a closing. We'll bill for services rendered and call it a day. That's a shame.